[267] At least 56,000 people have been killed in armed violence in Yemen between January 2016 and October 2018. Saudi Arabia has one of the highest percentages of military expenditure in the world, spending around 8% of its GDP in its military, according to the 2020 SIPRI estimate. [452], In its 2017 religious freedom report, the US State Department named Saudi Arabia a Country of Particular Concern (CPC). [543], Only two years after Saudi Arabia signed a contract of 10 years with WWE, an increasing number of wrestlers denied to visit Riyadh. This map was created by a user. Since 2008, the operation of urban water distribution systems is being gradually delegated to private companies as well. [347], In April 2020, the Saudi Supreme Court stated under a royal decree by King Salman that minors who commit crimes will no longer face the death sentence, but will be sentenced to a maximum of ten years of imprisonment in a juvenile detention facility. In 930, the Qarmatians pillaged Mecca, outraging the Muslim world, particularly with their theft of the Black Stone. This radical teaching takes place in Saudi funded mosques and madrasas across the Islamic world from Morocco to Pakistan to Indonesia. [3][597], Memorization by rote of large parts of the Qur'an, its interpretation and understanding (Tafsir) and the application of Islamic tradition to everyday life is at the core of the curriculum. [159] The following year Prince Nayef also died before ascending to the throne. Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km 2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in Western Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world (after Algeria), the fifth-largest in Asia, and the 12th-largest in the world. [323] In 2016, the European Parliament decided to temporarily impose an arms embargo against Saudi Arabia, as a result of the Yemen civilian population's suffering from the conflict with Saudi Arabia. [citation needed], The emergence of what was to become the Saudi royal family, known as the Al Saud, began in Nejd in central Arabia in 1744, when Muhammad bin Saud, founder of the dynasty, joined forces with the religious leader Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab,[96] founder of the Wahhabi movement, a strict puritanical form of Sunni Islam.

[588][589], Education is free at all levels. Scuba diving, windsurfing, sailing and basketball (which is played by both men and women) are also popular with the Saudi Arabian national basketball team winning bronze at the 1999 Asian Championship. Reflecting the country's dominant desert conditions, Saudi Arabia's plant life mostly consists of herbs, plants and shrubs that require little water. (The CIA Factbook estimated that as of 2013[update] foreign nationals living in Saudi Arabia made up about 21% of the population. [280][281], Tensions have escalated between Saudi Arabia and its allies after the disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. The laws also grant the women the eligibility for the guardianship of minor children. Traditional music is generally associated with poetry and is sung collectively. ( The Saudi National Day 23, Sep )", "Dozens detained in Saudi over flood protests", "Saudis mobilise thousands of troops to quell growing revolt", "Saudi ruler offers $36bn to stave off uprising amid warning oil price could double", "Saudi king gives billion-dollar cash boost to housing, jobs – Politics & Economics", "King Abdullah Returns to Kingdom, Enacts Measures to Boost the Economy", "Saudi Arabia's king announces huge jobs and housing package", "Saudi King to Spend $67 Billion on Housing, Jobs in Bid to Pacify Citizens", "Saudi Arabia announces municipal elections", "Saudi Women Inspired by Fall of Mubarak Step Up Equality Demand", "Saudis vote in municipal elections, results on Sunday", "Internet Censorship in Arab Countries: Religious and Moral Aspects", "The world's enduring dictators: Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, Saudi Arabia", "To really combat terror, end support for Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabia recalls its ambassador to Sweden", "Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Saudi Arabia", "Divided We Survive: A Landscape of Fragmentation in Saudi Arabia", "The House of Saud: rulers of modern Saudi Arabia", "Saudi King Abdullah to go to US for medical treatment", "Prince Salman resumes duties at governorate", "Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts", "Prince Sultan bin Abdel Aziz of Saudi Arabia Dies", "Obituary: Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud", "The corrupt, feudal world of the House of Saud", "A Nation Challenged: The Plots; Saudi Arabia Also a Target Of Attacks, U.S. Officials Say", "Saudi bribe claims delay £20bn fighter deal", "BAE accused of secretly paying £1bn to Saudi prince", "BAE Systems sued over alleged Saudi bribes", "Prince Bandar denies BAE bribery claims", "Lord Goldsmith defends BAE Systems plea deal", "Saudi Arabia Arrests 11 Princes, Including Billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal", "Reform in Saudi Arabia: At a snail's pace", "The Power of Saudi Arabia's Islamic Leaders", "International: Law of God versus law of man; Saudi Arabia", "Saudi Arabian justice: Cruel, or just unusual? In the case of the Al Saud, this is Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the father of the dynasty's 18th-century founder, Muhammad bin Saud. They are funding something else, which may down the road lead to individuals being radicalised and becoming fodder for terrorism," Patey said. [134][135][136], Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy. [63], By the late Bronze Age, a historically recorded people and land (Midian and the Midianites) in the north-western portion of Saudi Arabia are well-documented in the Bible. Data:Saudi Arabia/Al Quassim.map. [328], Human Rights organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Freedom House condemn both the Saudi criminal justice system and its severe punishments.

Human rights issues that have attracted strong criticism include the extremely disadvantaged position of women (see Women below), capital punishment for homosexuality,[333] religious discrimination, the lack of religious freedom and the activities of the religious police (see Religion below). Contact, Saudi arabia map polygonal with glowing lights and lines, Saudi arabia map, flag and national emblem, Saudi arabia map painting unfolding old paper scroll 3d. Clash Over Khashoggi Case", "Top U.S. Milk production boasts a remarkably productive annual rate of 1,800 gallons per cow, one of the highest in the world. 2020 [138] No political parties or national elections are permitted. [citation needed], Royal decrees are the other main source of law; but are referred to as regulations rather than laws because they are subordinate to the Sharia. Major imports in 2010–14 included 45 combat aircraft from the UK, 38 combat helicopters from the US, four tanker aircraft from Spain and over 600 armoured vehicles from Canada. Saudi Arabia is now completely self-sufficient in a number of foodstuffs, including meat, milk and eggs. In 2017, Saudi Arabia imposed a land, naval and air blockade on Qatar. [204] Between 1996 and 2000, Saudi Arabia acceded to four UN human rights conventions and, in 2004, the government approved the establishment of the National Society for Human Rights (NSHR), staffed by government employees, to monitor their implementation. (In the privacy of the home behavior can be far looser, and reports from the Daily Mail and WikiLeaks indicate that the ruling Saudi Royal family applies a different moral code to itself, indulging in parties, drugs and sex. [466], Saudi Arabia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab civilization. [142] This process is not reported by the Saudi media. However, the superstar players Lacey Evans and Natalya were required to cover their arms and legs by wearing bodysuits during the fight, instead of the more revealing gear that they would normally wear. It occupies a large part of the Arabian Peninsula. The first concerts in Riyadh for 25 years took place the following year. [394] The cities will be spread around Saudi Arabia to promote diversification for each region and their economy, and the cities are projected to contribute $150 billion to the GDP. [518], In 2017, Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman promised to return Saudi Arabia to the "moderate Islam" of the era before the 1979 Iranian revolution.

I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. Other colleges and universities emphasize curricula in sciences and technology, military studies, religion, and medicine. [581], On 1 August 2019, Saudi Arabia allowed women to travel abroad, register a divorce or a marriage, and apply for official documents without the consent of a male guardian.

Other denominations, such as the minority Shia Islam, are systematically suppressed.