No certain agents have been identified but the hard seeds may presumably survive passage through livestock or wild animals. Papilionoideae) in cattle. The established plants persist for a few seasons but die out if regularly cut or grazed. Largely as a result of deliberate introduction as a dye-plant it now occurs widely in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and also Australia. – anil de pasto Subordinate Taxa . Francis (2013) refers to uses for fever, headaches, haemorrhage, convulsions, coughs, skin parasites and boils. Luarca LRLMde, 1999. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. Indigofera uncinata G.Don : Quisumbing's compilation lists three Indigofera species (1) Indigofera hirsuta Linn. (2011) found that extracts of the plant showed repellent activity, specific embryotoxicity, and general growth retardation in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Plantas Daninhas do Brasil. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. This gives you a long growing season and adequate time for it to develop leaves if you want to make dye. In: Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid, 57 (1) 97-107. Wailea 670, Maui. 141. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Lorenzi H, 1982. Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical, 63(3):275-277. http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0375-07602011000300013&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es, GBIF, 2013. The American plants in Charles de l'Ecluse's works: first records in Juan de Castaneda's letters. The immuno-stimulatory and cytotoxic activity of I. suffruticosa, enhances macrophage function and contributes to host defences against tumours (Lopes et al., 2011) and Vieira et al. (1958), As Indigofera anmil or Indigofera tictoria, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuatu, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Moorea Raiatea, Tahiti, Tubuai Islands, Ha'ano, Lifuka, Foa, 'Eua, Tongatapu, Niafa'ou, Vav'u Islands, As Indigofera anil or Indigofera tinctoria, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Leite et al. Holm et al. carteri, Spermolepis hawaiiensis and Wilkesia hobdyi (US Fish and Wildlife, 2010a, b; 2011). The database and code is licensed under a FAO. The risk of further introduction is low but not insignificant, as deliberate introduction could still be of interest. Aqueous extracts of the leaves of I. suffruticosa, obtained by infusion, can be used in the treatment of skin diseases caused by dermatophytes (Leite et al., 2006); also against stomach-ache, fever and diarrhoea in Malaysia (PROSEA, 2013). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. [ed. Carli et al. (Tratamiento eficaz con tintura de añil 5% de una paciente infestada por Pediculus capitis.) More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. by Faridah Hanum I, Maesen LJG] Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Online Database. Fruit anatomy of Neotropical species of Indigofera (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) with functional and taxonomic implications. True indigo is Indigofera tinctoria and it can be grown successfully by seed for a pretty flowering shrub or to provide you with leaves to make a natural blue dye. (2006) studied production of the dye in Mexico and concluded maximum yield was obtained 150 days after sowing. Pharmaceutical Biology, 48(8):878-882. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. St Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Compendium record. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Vieira JRC, Souza IAde, Nascimento SCdo, Leite SP, 2007. Be sure to give your growing indigo plants regular feedings, as they need a decent amount of fertilizer. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). (2011). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Wilkesia hobdyi (dwarf iliau). Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Volume I part II. Liu CX, He WG, 1991. NO pesticides were used on the plants. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 30(11):953-957. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-736X2010001100009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt, Sandoval-Salas F, Gschaedler-Mathis A, Vilarem G, Méndez-Carreto C, 2006. with help from Flora of China. Moreno-Casasola P, Grime JP, Martínez ML, 1994. Antimicrobial activity of Indigofera suffruticosa. (2010) suggest that I. anil and I. suffruticosa should not be synonymized as they differ from one another in both fruit morphology and foliar anatomy. Sandoval-Salas et al. ), Plants can grow well even in dry and impoverished soils where little else grows, http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm, http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en, http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/cosing/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. These seeds are from my garden in Roanoke, VA They were grown organically. February 02, 2003, ©Forest & Kim Starr Images-2003. Accidental introduction of the species is possible by introduction of contaminated forage crop seeds. Kipahulu LZ Haleakala National Park, Maui. http://plants.usda.gov/java/. Many other synonyms have been applied, including I. tinctoria Lunan, which is now described as … Papilionoideae) em bovinos.) In Vanuatu, a triclopyr/picloram mixture is recommended to be applied to young growth after slashing to 30-40 cm height and wetting of foliage is important. Indigofera suffruticosa Miller : Indigofera tinctoria Mill. guatemalensis and up to ten varieties of the plant exist (Plant List, 2013; Prota4U, 2013). However, spraying is pointless where there is not an adequate under-storey of native or improved grass and legume, and if not, recommended pastures should be sown (FAO, 2013). Optimal germination temperature is between 68 and 85 degrees … Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 78 pp. Growing Information: Seeds can be started indoors 4-8 weeks in advance if a head start is desired, or they can be direct sowed once the danger of frost has passed. Indigo is a member of the legume family, so if you grow it in your garden you get the added benefit of adding more nitrogen to the soil. The native distribution of I. suffruticosa extends across the Americas from the southern USA to Argentina, with heaviest occurrence in the tropical Caribbean and Central America. (Estudos morfoanatômicos da semente e da plântula de espécies de Anileiras (Indigofera L., Leguminosae).) Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Leaves imparipinnate, with up to 19 leaflets on a 1.5 cm petiole; leaflets up to 4 cm long, about 1 cm wide narrowly elliptical to obovate with a mucronate tip, almost glabrous above, grey above, paler, pubescent below. Like Liked by 1 person. Journal of Nematology, 34(4):358-361. (2004) warn that the plant can have damaging effects on the foetus in rats and could be hazardous in humans. Calvo TR, Cardoso CRP, Moura ACda S, Santos LCdos, Colus IMS, Vilegas W, Varanda EA, 2011. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.