The unincorporated community of Dudleyville is south of Winkelman, in Pinal County. The river passes through many scenic canyons and stretches of Class I to III whitewater. U.S. Geological Survey Scenic views are to be had. Although the Gila River flows entirely within the United States, the headwaters of two tributaries – the San Pedro and Santa Cruz Rivers – extend into Mexico. These native civilizations depended largely on irrigated agriculture, for which they constructed over 200 miles (320 km) of canals. However, European Americans did not permanently settle the Gila River watershed until the mid-19th century. It is approximately 70 miles north of … USGS 09470000 GILA RIVER AT WINKELMAN, ARIZ. ... Gila County, Arizona, Hydrologic Unit 15050100 Drainage area: 13,268.00 square miles Contributing drainage area: 382.00 square miles, ... Record for this site is maintained by the USGS Arizona Water Science Center Popular theory says that the word "Gila" was derived from a Spanish contraction of Hah-quah-sa-eel, a Yuma word meaning "running water which is salty". Indigenous peoples such as the Hohokam were responsible for creating large, complex civilizations along the Middle Gila River and Salt River between 600 and 1450 AD. It emerges from the mountains into the valley southeast of Phoenix, Arizona, where it crosses the Gila River Indian Reservation as an intermittent stream due to large irrigation diversions. Recent efforts to allow for damming or otherwise diverting this stretch have met with stiff political resistance, having been named as one of the nation's most endangered rivers due to proposed dam projects such as Hooker Dam. Find our. The Gila River and its main tributary, the Salt River, would both be perennial streams carrying large volumes of water, but irrigation and municipal water diversions turn both into usually dry rivers. The confluence of the Gila with the Colorado River was also used as a reference point for the southern border of California. URL: 0.3   0.29 vaww01. The Gila River passes along the eastern and southern sides of town. The river drains an arid watershed of nearly 60,000 square miles (160,000 km 2) that lies mainly within the U.S., but also extends into northern Sonora, Mexico. Warning: Javascript must be enabled to use all the features on this page! Summary of all available data for this site, Instantaneous-data availability statement. U.S. Geological Survey About 1,630 sq mi (4,200 km2), or 2.8% of the Gila's 58,200-square-mile (151,000 km2) watershed, is in Mexico. The Gila is joined by many tributaries, beginning with the East and West Forks of the river, which combine to form the main stem near Gila Hot Springs in New Mexico. Traditionally, sand from the banks of the river is used as an exfoliant when bathing (often in rainstorms, especially during the monsoon). Many major dams in the Gila River system were built and operated by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, which also constructed most of the large dams throughout the Colorado River basin. [12], After the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848, the Gila River served as a part of the border between the United States and Mexico until the 1853 Gadsden Purchase soon extended American territory well south of the Gila. It flows southwestward between the Gila Mountains to the south and the Languna and Muggins ranges to the north in Yuma County, and finally it empties into the Colorado at Yuma, Arizona. < > Featured: Landmarks Winkelman is home to a wide variety of dazzling architectural displays. At Winkelman, Arizona it picks up the San Pedro River and then is joined by the Santa Cruz River south of Casa Grande. [10], During the Mexican–American War, General Stephen Watts Kearny marched 100 cavalrymen from the 1st U.S. Dragoons along the Gila River in November 1846. A Proud Town. Home to Gorgeous Parks. [15] The river's present discharge near the mouth is less than 180,000 acre feet (0.22 km3) per year, with an average flow of just 247 cubic feet per second (7.0 m3/s). These engineering projects have transformed much of the river valley and its surrounds from arid desert to irrigated land, and supply water to the more than five million people, mainly in the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas, who live in the watershed. Boating and fishing are popular on San Carlos Lake and other basin reservoirs, including Lake Pleasant and Theodore Roosevelt Lake. Page Contact Information: Arizona Water Data Support Team Title: NWIS Site Information for USA: Site Inventory From Winkelman, take Route 77 east to milepost 141.4 to the Shores Recreation Site entrance road.