Description: This map shows what languages people speak in Switzerland. However, the Standard Italian is the formal written language. Inspired by Switzerland's multilingualism? The area covers the cantons of Geneva, Jura, Vaud, and Neuchatel, parts of Bern, and in Valais and Fribourg. The Federal Palace of Switzerland bears the inscription Curia Confoederationis Helveticae. Italian-speaking Swiss areas include the canton of Tinico, Gondo valley in Valais, and the southern region of the Graubünden. CH-3001 Bern +41 31 328 12 12 Bern Convention Bureau +41 31 328 12 60 Until a few years ago, Swiss German was used mainly as a colloquial language. The average Swiss has a strong feeling of belonging towards his or her home canton, especially in the German-speaking part; rather than calling themselves just Swiss, they are Zürcher, Basler, or Berner (a person from Zurich, Basel, or Bern). The German language is spoken in the eastern and central parts of Switzerland. People are naturally fascinated by Switzerland — and this admiration isn’t just a love for chocolate and mountain walking (all right, maybe a little bit). German-speaking Swiss, however, increasingly prefer to communicate in Schwyzerdütsch (Swiss German) and speaking dialect in professional life is becoming more and more popular. Swiss German or Schwyzerdütsch as it’s called by locals, is a collection of Alemannic dialects no longer spoken in Germany or Austria. Standard French and Franco-Provençal/Arpitan, linguistically, are distinct and mutual intelligibility is limited. Immigrants speak their mother tongue in their private homes, so they rely on the official Swiss language of the region they reside in to read product declarations in the supermarket, to stay informed about important events in Switzerland, and to communicate. COPYRIGHT © 2020 STUDYING IN SWITZERLAND. The four national languages of Switzerland are German, French, Italian and Romansh. In 1982 only five dialects existed but a standardized written version of the dialects, Rumantsch Grischun, was adopted and assimilated. The culture of each language area is also starkly demarcated by their language. This community of Italian speakers form the third-largest national language grouping in the country, and they count around 350,000 speakers among their ranks, which works out to a little over 8% of the country’s population. The Swiss-Italian dialect differs from the one spoken in Italy, but standard Italian is still the written language. Switzerland is generally known for its exceptional chocolate, amazing mountains, and delicious food. Which Countries Recognize Sign Language As An Official Language? And just how multilingual is Swiss life on a daily basis? An empirical study conducted by the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration in 2015 examines this particular problem. 9% are speaking languages other than the four national languages of Switzerland: The largest groups being Serbo-Croatian (2.5%), followed by Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish, English, Turkish and Kurdish. Best International Schools in Zurich [2020/2021], Best Things to Do in Zurich, Switzerland (in Summer and Winter), 10 Best Things to Do in Basel, Switzerland, 9 Delightful Things to Do in Bern, Switzerland. Where an official language is spoken depends on its geographical location. About 20,000 Romani speak Sinte, an Indic language. Standard Swiss French and the French of France are the same language, with some differences. The second most widely spoken language of Switzerland is French. While there are some differences in vocabulary and expressions, Swiss French won’t prove too much trouble for anyone skilled in speaking Standard French. The bible, and later newspapers, literature, schoolbooks, political statements and so on were meant to be read and understood by everyone - translating them into different dialects would have been an impossible task. Outside these lingual regions, Zurich has the largest population of Rumantsch-speaking people. The need for a uniformly written German came with the reformation in the early 15th century and has practical reasons. [citation needed], The term Romandy does not formally exist in the political system, but is used to distinguish and unify the French-speaking population of Switzerland. French is spoken exclusively in the Romandy region of Switzerland, which covers the cantons of Geneva, Jura, Vaud, Neuchâtel, and in parts of Bern, Valais, and Fribourg. The old town of Bern is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and thanks to its 6 kilometres of arcades - the locals refer to them as 'Lauben' - boasts on of the longest weather-sheltered shopping promenades in Europe. [15], To avoid having to translate the name of Switzerland in the four national languages,[note 2] Latin is used on the coins of the Swiss franc (Helvetia or Confoederatio Helvetica) and on Swiss stamps (Helvetia). telc certificate course – German – A1 23. November 2020 – 15. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 19 2018 in Society. So you want to immerse yourself in the French language? 22 cantons have only one official language despite there being four official languages. In the cantons of Vaud, Valais and Fribourg, speakers use huitante (eighty) instead of the Standard French "quatre-vingts" (four twenties). Januar 2017): Art. There are 38 international schools and Swiss Universities offer at least one master's program in English. Romansh is mainly spoken in the canton of Graubünden in southeast Switzerland. All but Romansh maintain equal status as official languages at the national level within the Federal Administration of the Swiss Confederation. The television channel Télévision Suisse Romande (TSR) serves the Romande community across Switzerland, is syndicated to TV5 and CanalSat Romande. The cantons of Fribourg, Bern and Valais are officially bilingual; the canton of Graubünden is officially trilingual. Each canton decides which additional language is added to the curriculum and when. Create your perfect start in Switzerland ❤️. The Francophone Festival is an annual event around March 20 that celebrates particularly the French language and population in Switzerland. A question people immediately ask when they hear about it is “Does everyone speak all of them?”. Germans in particular are taking advantage of this situation. As stated in the Privacy Policy, SwissVistas does not not sell any personal information. But it’s not just in the written world that you find Hochdeutsch in Switzerland. Five sign languages are used: Swiss-German, French, Italian, Austrian,[15] and German. So what are all the languages spoken in Switzerland? Today, Arpitan is used by the most senior citizens. A term you will definitely come across while living in Switzerland is Röschtigraben or Rideau de Rösti (literally meaning the Rösti line), which is a potato dish, especially popular in the German-speaking part of the country. We've got the answers! The cantons in Switzerland are very autonomous and have their own authorities. In the south of Switzerland, along the border with Italy, you find the Swiss Italians. As a general rule, the more formal the occasion is, the greater the likelihood that the communication will be carried out in Standard German, especially if non-Swiss German speakers are within earshot. The Swiss dialect has a slower pace and a lovely old-fashioned quality. Although the French and Italian speaking population are culturally more influenced by their foreign neighbours than by the Swiss Germans, in the end, they cherish their otherness and independence too much to truly divide our nation. In 2017, the population of Switzerland was 62.6% native speakers of German (58.5% speak Swiss German and/or 11.1% Standard German at home); 22.9% French (mostly Swiss French, but including some Franco-Provençal dialects); 8.2% Italian (mostly Swiss Italian, but including Lombard dialects); and 0.5% Romansh. About 20% of the population in the Ticino is Italian by Nationality. But the language is a recognized official language in the south-eastern canton of Grisons, where is it used as a medium of governance and education, while also enjoying a healthy existence as a community language. The Swiss dialect of Italian differs somewhat from that spoken in Italy. The more isolated the community, the more distinct the dialect, which is hardly understood by the Italians. Romandy is the French Speaking region of Switzerland. A comprehensive understanding of Swiss German and its safe use should therefore be understood as an absolute indicator of individual well-being. From an early age, the Swiss are taught Standard German (or High-German) in schools, since there is no official written language.